Laura Serventi, Giancarlo Angeles Flores, Gaia Cusumano, Davide Barbaro, Bruno Tirillini, Roberto Venanzoni, Paola Angelini, Alessandra Acquaviva, Simonetta Cristina Di Simone, Giustino Orlando, Gokhan Zengin, Luigi Menghini and Claudio Ferrante
January 18, 2023
Cannabis sativa products have historically been used for healing purposes; now their biological properties are supported with scientific evidence, but modern research has not yet fully developed its therapeutic potential. This study focuses on the cultivar of C. sativa called strawberry to understand the biological and medical potentials of hydroalcoholic extracts from two different parts of the plant: leaves and inflorescences. Two biological assets were investigated including antioxidant and antimicrobial potential. Additionally, quantitative determination of phenolic and terpenophenol compounds was conducted. The antimicrobial action was highlighted for the hydroalcoholic extract from inflorescences, especially against Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Among the dermatophytes’ strains, the most sensitive was Arthroderma currey. These effects could be related albeit partially to the pattern of the phenolics detected, among which the most prominent one was benzoic acid. On the other hand, antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of the extracts could be also mediated by the main terpenophenolics identified and quantified, namely cannabidiolic acid and cannabidiol. Collectively, the present data point to the potential use of the inflorescences from the C. sativa cultivar strawberry as a valuable plant material for the development of bioactive extracts with antioxidant and antimicrobial effects.
Serventi, L., Flores, G. A., Cusumano, G., Barbaro, D., Tirillini, B., Venanzoni, R., … & Ferrante, C. (2023). Comparative Investigation of Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Effects of the Extracts from the Inflorescences and Leaves of the Cannabis sativa L. cv. strawberry. Antioxidants, 12(2), 219.