Category

Pain

Medical Marijuana for Treatment of Chronic Pain and Other Medical and Psychiatric Problems: A Clinical Review.

By | Immune System Diseases , Medical Cannabis, Multiple Sclerosis, Muscle Spasticity, Muscular Diseases, Nervous System Diseases, Neuromuscular Diseases, Pain

Authors: Kevin P. Hill
JAMA, 23 June 2015

IMPORTANCE: As of March 2015, 23 states and the District of Columbia had medical marijuana laws in place. Physicians should know both the scientific rationale and the practical implications for medical marijuana laws. OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology, indications, and law…

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Cannabinoids for Medical Use: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

By | Anorexia, Behavioral Health, Eye Diseases, Feeding and Eating Disorders, Glaucoma, Medical Cannabis, Muscle Spasticity, Muscular Diseases, Pain, Tourette Syndrome

Authors: Penny F. Whiting, Robert F. Wolff, Sohan Deshpande, Marcello Di Nisio, Steven Duffy, et al
JAMA, 23 June 2015

IMPORTANCE: Cannabis and cannabinoid drugs are widely used to treat disease or alleviate symptoms, but their efficacy for specific indications is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the benefits and adverse events (AEs) of cannabinoids. DATA SOURCES: Twenty…

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Use of Prescription Pain Medications Among Medical Cannabis Patients

By | Behavioral Health, Medical Cannabis, Pain, Substance-Related Disorders

Authors: Brian E. Perron, Kipling Bohnert, Angela K. Perone, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Mark Ilgen
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, May 2015

OBJECTIVE: Management of chronic pain is one of the most common reasons given by individuals seeking medical cannabis. However, very little information exists about the concurrent use of cannabis and prescription pain medication (PPM). This study fills this gap in knowledge by…

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Cannabinoid CB2 receptors regulate central sensitization and pain responses associated with osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

By | Arthritis, Joint Diseases (Arthrosis), Pain

Authors: James J. Burston, Devi Rani Sagar, Pin Shao, Mingfeng Bai, Emma King, Louis Brailsford, et al
PLoS One, 25 November 2013

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the joint is a prevalent disease accompanied by chronic, debilitating pain. Recent clinical evidence has demonstrated that central sensitization contributes to OA pain. An improved understanding of how OA joint pathology impacts upon the central processi…

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Comparison of the analgesic effects of dronabinol and smoked marijuana in daily marijuana smokers.

By | Pain

Authors: Ziva D. Cooper, Sandra D. Comer, Margaret Haney
Neuropsychopharmacology, September 2013

Recent studies have demonstrated the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids to treat pain, yet none have compared the analgesic effectiveness of smoked marijuana to orally administered Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; dronabinol). This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-dumm…

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Role of Cannabinoids in Pain Management

By | Pain

Authors: Ethan B. Russo, Andrea G. Hohmann
Comprehensive Treatment of Chronic Pain by Medical, Interventional, and Integrative Approaches, 2013

It is a curious fact that we owe a great deal of our insight into pharmacological treatment of pain to the plant world. Willow bark from Salix spp. led to development of aspirin and eventual elucidation of the analgesic effects of prostaglandins and their role in inflammation…

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Multiple sclerosis and extract of cannabis: results of the MUSEC trial.

By | Immune System Diseases , Multiple Sclerosis, Pain

Authors: John Peter Zajicek, Jeremy C. Hobart, Anita Slade, David Barnes, Paul G. Mattison
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry, November 2012

OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with chronic symptoms, including muscle stiffness, spasms, pain and insomnia. Here we report the results of the Multiple Sclerosis and Extract of Cannabis (MUSEC) study that aimed to substantiate the patient based findings of pr…

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Smoked cannabis for spasticity in multiple sclerosis: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

By | Immune System Diseases , Multiple Sclerosis, Muscle Spasticity, Muscular Diseases, Pain

Authors: Jody Corey-Bloom, Tanya Wolfson, Anthony Gamst, Shelia Jin, Thomas D. Marcotte, et al
CMAJ, 10 July 2012

BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common and poorly controlled symptom of multiple sclerosis. Our objective was to determine the short-term effect of smoked cannabis on this symptom. METHODS: We conducted a placebo-controlled, crossover trial involving adult patients with multiple s…

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Nabiximols for opioid-treated cancer patients with poorly-controlled chronic pain: a randomized, placebo-controlled, graded-dose trial.

By | Cancer, Pain

Authors: Russell K. Portenoy, Elena Doina Ganae-Motan, Silvia Allende, Ronald Yanagihara, et al
The Journal of Pain, May 2012

Patients with advanced cancer who have pain that responds poorly to opioid therapy pose a clinical challenge. Nabiximols (Nabiximols is the U.S. Adopted Name [USAN] for Sativex [GW Pharma Ltd, Wiltshire, U.K.], which does not yet have an INN), a novel cannabinoid formulation…

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Prescribing cannabis for harm reduction.

By | Behavior & Behavior Mechanisms, Harm Reduction, Opioids, Pain, Substance-Related Disorders

Authors: Mark Collen
Harm Reduction Journal, 1 January 2012

Neuropathic pain affects between 5% and 10% of the US population and can be refractory to treatment. Opioids may be recommended as a second-line pharmacotherapy but have risks including overdose and death. Cannabis has been shown to be effective for treating nerve pain without…

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