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Marijuana Abuse

Cannabis use predicts risks of heart failure and cerebrovascular accidents: results from the National Inpatient Sample.

By | Brain Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, Medical Cannabis, Nervous System Diseases

Authors: Aditi Kalla, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Akshaya Gopalakrishnan, Vincent Figueredo
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, September 2018

BACKGROUND: Cannabis for medicinal and/or recreational purposes has been decriminalized in 28 states as of the 2016 election. In the remaining states, cannabis remains the most commonly used illicit drug. Cardiovascular effects of cannabis use are not well established due to a…

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Marijuana use during and after pregnancy and association of prenatal use on birth outcomes: A population-based study.

By | Behavioral Health, Mood Disorders, Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Jean Y. Ko, Van T. Tong, Jennifer M. Bombard, Donald K. Hayes, John Davy, et al
Drug and Alcohol Dependence, June 2018

BACKGROUND: We sought to describe the correlates of marijuana use during and after pregnancy, and to examine the independent relationship between prenatal marijuana use and infant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We used state-specific data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring…

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Transfer of Inhaled Cannabis Into Human Breast Milk.

By | Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Teresa Baker, Palika Datta, Kathleen Rewers-Felkins, Heather Thompson, Raja Kallem, Thomas Hale
Obstetrics & Gynecology, May 2018

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the transfer of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and its metabolites into human breast milk after maternal inhalation of 0.1 g cannabis containing 23.18% delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. METHODS:
In this pilot pharmacokinetic study, breast milk samples were col…

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The Potential of Cannabidiol Treatment for Cannabis Users With Recent-Onset Psychosis.

By | Behavioral Health, Schizophrenia Spectrum, Substance-Related Disorders

Authors: Britta Hahn
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13 January 2018

A major factor associated with poor prognostic outcome after a first psychotic break is cannabis misuse, which is prevalent in schizophrenia and particularly common in individuals with recent-onset psychosis. Behavioral interventions aimed at reducing cannabis use have been un…

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Marijuana and pregnancy: objective education is good, but biased education is not.

By | Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Ciara A. Torres, Carl L. Hart
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, August 2017

To the Editors: We read with interest the article by Chasnoff, 1 which concluded that physicians should be educated about the negative effects of marijuana use during pregnancy and should discourage its use by pregnant women and women considering becoming pregnant. In our view…

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Maternal Marijuana Use and Adverse Neonatal Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

By | Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Shayna Conner, Victoria Bedell, Kim Lipsey, George Macones, Alison Cahill, Methodius Tuuli
Obstetrics & Gynecology, October 2016

OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether marijuana use in pregnancy increases risks for adverse neonatal outcomes and clarify if any increased risk is attributable to marijuana use itself or to confounding factors such as tobacco use. DATA SOURCES: Two authors performed a search of the…

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Does Cannabis Cause, Exacerbate or Ameliorate Psychiatric Disorders? An Oversimplified Debate Discussed.

By | Behavioral Health, Substance-Related Disorders

Authors: Margaret Haney, A. Eden Evins
Neuropsychopharmacology, January 2016

There have been extensive policy shifts in the legality of recreational and therapeutic use of cannabis in the United States, as well as a steady increase in the number of people using the drug on a regular basis. Given these rapid societal changes, defining what is known scie…

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Medical marijuana laws and adolescent marijuana use in the USA from 1991 to 2014: results from annual, repeated cross-sectional surveys.

By | Adolescent, Medical Cannabis

Authors: Deborah S. Hasin, Melanie Wall, Katherine M. Keyes, Magdalena Cerdá, John Schulenberg, et al
The Lancet Psychiatry, July 2015

BACKGROUND: Adolescent use of marijuana is associated with adverse later effects, so the identification of factors underlying adolescent use is of substantial public health importance. The relationship between US state laws that permit marijuana for medical purposes and adoles…

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Psychotic experiences are linked to cannabis use in adolescents in the community because of common underlying environmental risk factors.

By | Adolescent, Behavioral Health, Substance-Related Disorders

Authors: Sania Shakoor, Helena M.S. Zavos, Philip McGuire, Alastair G. Cardno, et al
Psychiatry Research, 30 June 2015

Cannabis users are more likely to have psychotic experiences (PEs). The degree to which these associations are driven by genetic or environmental influences in adolescence is unknown. This study estimated the genetic and environmental contributions to the relationship between…

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Cannabis, the pregnant woman and her child: weeding out the myths.

By | Pregnancy

Authors: S C Jaques, A Kingsbury, P Henshcke, C Chomchai, S Clews, J Falconer, M E Abdel-Latif, et al
Journal of Perinatology, June 2014

To review and summarise the literature reporting on cannabis use within western communities with specific reference to patterns of use, the pharmacology of its major psychoactive compounds, including placental and fetal transfer, and the impact of maternal cannabis use on preg…

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