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Changes in endocannabinoid and palmitoylethanolamide levels in eye tissues of patients with diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration

Author: I. Matias, J.W. Wang, A. Schiano Moriello, A. Nieves, D.F. Woodward,V. Di Marzo Published in Science Direct December 2006 Abstract Cannabinoid receptors and the endocannabinoids (anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine—AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)), as well as the AEA congener, palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), are involved in ocular physiology. We measured endocannabinoid and PEA levels by isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis…

Finding of endocannabinoids in human eye tissues: Implications for glaucoma

Author: June Chen, Isabel Matias, Tim Dinh, Ta Lu, Sonia Venezia, Amelia Nieves, David F. Woodward, Vincenzo Di Marzo Published in Science Direct May 2005 Abstract Cannabinoid CB1 receptors are involved in ocular physiology and may regulate intraocular pressure (IOP). However, endocannabinoid levels in human ocular tissues of cornea, iris, ciliary body, retina, and choroid from…

Colon carcinogenesis is inhibited by the TRPM8 antagonist cannabigerol, a Cannabis-derived non-psychotropic cannabinoid

Authors: Francesca Borrelli, Ester Pagano, Barbara Romano, Stefania Panzera, Francesco Maiello, Diana Coppola, Luciano De Petrocellis, Lorena Buono, Pierangelo Orlando, Angelo A. Izzo Published in Oxford Academic September 2014 Abstract Cannabigerol (CBG) is a safe non-psychotropic Cannabis-derived cannabinoid (CB), which interacts with specific targets involved in carcinogenesis. Specifically, CBG potently blocks transient receptor potential (TRP) M8…

Cannabis in the Time of Coronavirus Disease 2019: The Yin and Yang of the Endocannabinoid System in Immunocompetence

Are phytocannabinoids helpful or harmful for immune competency in the context of the current coronavirus pandemic?

Role of cannabis in inflammatory bowel diseases.

Authors: Abhilash Perisetti, Afrina Hossain Rimu, Salman Ali Khan, Pardeep Bansal, Hemant Goyal
Annals of Gastroenterology, March-April 2020

For many centuries, cannabis (marijuana) has been used for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Currently, there are about 192 million cannabis users worldwide, constituting approximately 3.9% of the global population. Cannabis comprises more than 70 aromatic hydrocarbon …

Use of cannabinoids in cancer patients: A Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) clinical practice statement.

Authors: B. Whitcomb, C. Lutman, M. Pearl, E. Medlin, E. Prendergast, K. Robison, W. Burke
Gynecologic Oncology, 10 January 2020

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) affect the human endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids reduce chemotherapy induced nausea or vomiting (CINV) and neuropathic pain. Each state has its own regulations for medical and recreational cannabis use. Ef…

Cannabinoids and the expanded endocannabinoid system in neurological disorders.

Authors: Luigia Cristino, Tiziana Bisogno, Vincenzo Di Marzo
Nature Reviews Neurology, January 2020

Anecdotal evidence that cannabis preparations have medical benefits together with the discovery of the psychotropic plant cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) initiated efforts to develop cannabinoid-based therapeutics. These efforts have been marked by disappointment, es…

The Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Aetiopathogenesis of Endometriosis: A Potential Therapeutic Target

Authors: Keisuke Tanaka, Leah Mayne, Akram Khalil, David Baartz, Lars Eriksson, Sally-Anne Mortlock, et al
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 15 November 2019

Endometriosis affects a large proportion of women during their reproductive years and is associated with pain and infertility, also affecting psychological wellbeing and quality of life. The pathogenesis of the disease remains unclear, although it is believed to be multifactor…

Role of chronic cannabis use: Cyclic vomiting syndrome vs cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Authors: Thangam Venkatesan, David J. Levinthal, B U. K. Li, Sally E. Tarbell, Kathleen A. Adams, et al
Neurogastroenterology and Motility, June 2019

Cannabis is commonly used in cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) due to its antiemetic and anxiolytic properties. Paradoxically, chronic cannabis use in the context of cyclic vomiting has led to the recognition of a putative new disorder called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS…

Cannabis: From a Plant That Modulates Feeding Behaviors toward Developing Selective Inhibitors of the Peripheral Endocannabinoid System for the Treatment of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome.

Authors: Shira Hirsch, Joseph Tam
Toxins, 15 May 2019

In this review, we discuss the role of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in regulating energy and metabolic homeostasis. Endocannabinoids, via activating the cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1R), are commonly known as mediators of the thrifty phenotype hypothesis due to their act…

The endocannabinoid system and stroke: A focused review.

Authors: Bradley Kolb, Hamidreza Saber, Hassan Fadel, Gary Rajah
Brain Circulation, January-March 2019

Stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Development of novel neuroprotectants is of paramount importance. This review seeks to summarize the recent evidence for the role of the endocannabinoid signaling system in stroke pathophysiology, as well as th…

Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids as neuroprotective agents for damaged cells conducing to movement disorders.

Authors: Mario Antonazzo, María Botta, Harkaitz Bengoetxea, José Ángel Ruiz-Ortega, Teresa Morera-Herreras
International Review of Neurobiology, 2019

The basal ganglia (BG), an organized network of nuclei that integrates cortical information, play a crucial role in controlling motor function. In fact, movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Huntington’s disease (HD) are caused by the degeneration of specific…