Posts

Role of cannabis in inflammatory bowel diseases.

Authors: Abhilash Perisetti, Afrina Hossain Rimu, Salman Ali Khan, Pardeep Bansal, Hemant Goyal
Annals of Gastroenterology, March-April 2020

For many centuries, cannabis (marijuana) has been used for both recreational and medicinal purposes. Currently, there are about 192 million cannabis users worldwide, constituting approximately 3.9% of the global population. Cannabis comprises more than 70 aromatic hydrocarbon …

Use of cannabinoids in cancer patients: A Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) clinical practice statement.

Authors: B. Whitcomb, C. Lutman, M. Pearl, E. Medlin, E. Prendergast, K. Robison, W. Burke
Gynecologic Oncology, 10 January 2020

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) affect the human endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids reduce chemotherapy induced nausea or vomiting (CINV) and neuropathic pain. Each state has its own regulations for medical and recreational cannabis use. Ef…

Cannabinoids and the expanded endocannabinoid system in neurological disorders.

Authors: Luigia Cristino, Tiziana Bisogno, Vincenzo Di Marzo
Nature Reviews Neurology, January 2020

Anecdotal evidence that cannabis preparations have medical benefits together with the discovery of the psychotropic plant cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) initiated efforts to develop cannabinoid-based therapeutics. These efforts have been marked by disappointment, es…

The Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Aetiopathogenesis of Endometriosis: A Potential Therapeutic Target

Authors: Keisuke Tanaka, Leah Mayne, Akram Khalil, David Baartz, Lars Eriksson, Sally-Anne Mortlock, et al
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 15 November 2019

Endometriosis affects a large proportion of women during their reproductive years and is associated with pain and infertility, also affecting psychological wellbeing and quality of life. The pathogenesis of the disease remains unclear, although it is believed to be multifactor…

Role of chronic cannabis use: Cyclic vomiting syndrome vs cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Authors: Thangam Venkatesan, David J. Levinthal, B U. K. Li, Sally E. Tarbell, Kathleen A. Adams, et al
Neurogastroenterology and Motility, June 2019

Cannabis is commonly used in cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) due to its antiemetic and anxiolytic properties. Paradoxically, chronic cannabis use in the context of cyclic vomiting has led to the recognition of a putative new disorder called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS…

Cannabis: From a Plant That Modulates Feeding Behaviors toward Developing Selective Inhibitors of the Peripheral Endocannabinoid System for the Treatment of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome.

Authors: Shira Hirsch, Joseph Tam
Toxins, 15 May 2019

In this review, we discuss the role of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in regulating energy and metabolic homeostasis. Endocannabinoids, via activating the cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1R), are commonly known as mediators of the thrifty phenotype hypothesis due to their act…

The endocannabinoid system and stroke: A focused review.

Authors: Bradley Kolb, Hamidreza Saber, Hassan Fadel, Gary Rajah
Brain Circulation, January-March 2019

Stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Development of novel neuroprotectants is of paramount importance. This review seeks to summarize the recent evidence for the role of the endocannabinoid signaling system in stroke pathophysiology, as well as th…

Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids as neuroprotective agents for damaged cells conducing to movement disorders.

Authors: Mario Antonazzo, María Botta, Harkaitz Bengoetxea, José Ángel Ruiz-Ortega, Teresa Morera-Herreras
International Review of Neurobiology, 2019

The basal ganglia (BG), an organized network of nuclei that integrates cortical information, play a crucial role in controlling motor function. In fact, movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Huntington’s disease (HD) are caused by the degeneration of specific…

Endocannabinoids, exercise, pain, and a path to health with aging.

Authors: Bruce A.Watkins
Molecular Aspects of Medicine, December 2018

Physical activity is an important lifestyle factor for growth, development, and sustained health throughout life. In recent years, the benefits of physical activity have drawn more attention to its physiological effects on the body, including well-being. The endocannabinoid sy…

Cannabinoids in depressive disorders.

Authors: Ewa Poleszak, Sylwia Wośko, Karolina Sławińska, Aleksandra Szopa, Andrzej Wróbel, Anna Serefko
Life Sciences, 15 November 2018

Cannabis sativa is one of the most popular recreational and medicinal plants. Benefits from use of cannabinoid agents in epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and others have been suggested. It seems that the endocannabinoid system is also inv…

Masturbation to Orgasm Stimulates the Release of the Endocannabinoid 2-Arachidonoylglycerol in Humans.

Authors: Johannes Fuss, Laura Bindila, Klaus Wiedemann, Matthias K. Auer, Peer Briken, Sarah V. Biedermann
Journal of Sexual Medicine, November 2017

BACKGROUND: Endocannabinoids are critical for rewarding behaviors such as eating, physical exercise, and social interaction. The role of endocannabinoids in mammalian sexual behavior has been suggested because of the influence of cannabinoid receptor agonists and antagonists o…

Endocannabinoid system in sexual motivational processes: Is it a novel therapeutic horizon?

Authors: Renata Androvicova, Jiri Horacek, Tibor Stark, Filippo Drago, Vincenzo Micale
Pharmacological Research, January 2017

The endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is composed of the cannabinoid receptors types 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) for marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), the endogenous ligands (AEA and 2-AG) and the enzymatic systems involved in their biosynthesis…