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Cannabidiol Induces Cell Death in Human Lung Cancer Cells and Cancer Stem Cells

Currently, there is no effective therapy against lung cancer due to the development of resistance. Resistance contributes to disease progression, recurrence, and mortality. The presence of so-called cancer stem cells could explain the ineffectiveness of conventional treatment, and the development of successful cancer treatment depends on the targeting also of cancer stem cells. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid with anti-tumor properties. However, the effects on cancer stem cells are not well understood. The effects of CBD were evaluated in spheres enriched in lung cancer stem cells and adherent lung cancer cells. We found that CBD decreased viability and induced cell death in both cell populations.

Cannabidiol inhibits lung cancer cell invasion and metastasis via intercellular adhesion molecule-1.

Authors: Robert Ramer, Katharina Bublitz, Nadine Freimuth, Jutta Merkord, Helga Rohde, et al
The FASEB Journal, April 2012

Cannabinoids inhibit cancer cell invasion via increasing tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1). This study investigates the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) within this action. In the lung cancer cell lines A549, H358, and H460, cannabidiol…

Synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists inhibit tumor growth and metastasis of breast cancer.

Authors: Zahida Qamri, Anju Preet, Mohd W. Nasser, Caroline E. Bass, Gustavo Leone, et al
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, November 2009

Cannabinoids have been reported to possess antitumorogenic activity. Not much is known, however, about the effects and mechanism of action of synthetic nonpsychotic cannabinoids on breast cancer growth and metastasis. We have shown that the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 ar…

Marijuana use and the risk of lung and upper aerodigestive tract cancers: results of a population-based case-control study.

Authors: Mia Hashibe, Hal Morgenstern, Yan Cui, Donald P. Tashkin, Zuo-Feng Zhang, et al
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, October 2008

BACKGROUND: Despite several lines of evidence suggesting the biological plausibility of marijuana being carcinogenic, epidemiologic findings are inconsistent. We conducted a population-based case-control study of the association between marijuana use and the risk of lung and u…