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Cannabinoid-2 receptor activation ameliorates hepatorenal syndrome

Authors: Eszter Trojnar, Katalin Erdelyi,Csaba Matyas, Suxian Zhao, Janos Paloczi, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Zoltan V.Varga, Gyorgy Hasko, Pal Pacher Published in Free Radical Biology and Medicine May 2020 Abstract Study rationale: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a life-threatening complication of end-stage liver disease characterized by the rapid decline of kidney function. Herein, we explored the therapeutic potential of…

Efficacy of combined therapy with fish oil and phytocannabinoids in murine intestinal inflammation

Authors: Ester Pagano, Fabio A. Iannotti, Fabiana Piscitelli, Barbara Romano, Giuseppe Lucariello, Tommaso Venneri, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Angelo A. Izzo, Francesca Borrelli Published in Phytotherapy Research September 2020 Abstract Summary Fish oil (FO) and phytocannabinoids have received considerable attention for their intestinal anti‐inflammatory effects. We investigated whether the combination of FO with cannabigerol (CBG) and…

Biological Activity of Cannabis sativa L. Extracts Critically Depends on Solvent Polarity and Decarboxylation

SCC Member Gretchen E. Maurer, DO, MS and colleagues examine the current research potential for cannabis in sports medicine.

Activation of Cannabinoid Receptor 2 Prevents Colitis-Associated Colon Cancer through Myeloid Cell De-activation Upstream of IL-22 Production

Authors: William Becker, Haider Rasheed Alrafa,Kiesha Wilson, Kathryn Miranda, Courtney Culpepper, Ioulia Chatzistamou, Guoshuai Cai, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash S. Nagarkatti Published in Iscience August 2020 Abstract Summary Intestinal disequilibrium leads to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and chronic inflammation predisposes to oncogenesis. Antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages can tip the equilibrium toward tolerance or pathology….

Endocannabinoids Inhibit the Induction of Virulence in Enteric Pathogens

Authors: Melissa Ellermann, Alline R. Pacheco, Angel G. Jimenez, Regan M. Russell, Santiago Cuesta, Aman Kumar, Wenhan Zhu, Gonçalo Vale, Sarah A. Martin, Prithvi Raj, Jeffrey G. McDonald, Sebastian E. Winter, Vanessa Sperandio Published in Cell October 2020 Abstract Summary Endocannabinoids are host-derived lipid hormones that fundamentally impact gastrointestinal (GI) biology. The use of cannabis…

A molecular basis for the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrosis properties of cannabidiol

Authors: Falone Sunda, Afolake Arowolo Published in The FASEB Journal April 2020 Abstract Cannabidiol (CBD) is considered a non-psychoactive, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. There are various reports on the versatile function of CBD, including ameliorating chronic inflammation and fibrosis formation in several tissue types. However, only a hand full…

A molecular basis for the anti‐inflammatory and anti‐fibrosis properties of cannabidiol

Authors: Falone Sunda, Afolake Arowolo Published in The FASEB Journal September 2020 Abstract Cannabidiol (CBD) is considered a non‐psychoactive, antioxidant, and anti‐inflammatory compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. There are various reports on the versatile function of CBD, including ameliorating chronic inflammation and fibrosis formation in several tissue types. However, only a hand full…

Cannflavins – From plant to patient: A scoping review

Authors: Simon Erridge, Nagina Mangal, Oliver Salazar, Barbara Pacchetti, Mikael H.Sodergren Published in Fitoterapia October 2020 Abstract Introduction Cannflavins are a group of prenylflavonoids derived from Cannabis sativa L.. Cannflavin A (CFL-A), B (CFL-B) and C (CFL-C) have been heralded for their anti-inflammatory properties in pre-clinical evaluations. This scoping review aims to synthesise the evidence…

The Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Aetiopathogenesis of Endometriosis: A Potential Therapeutic Target

Authors: Keisuke Tanaka, Leah Mayne, Akram Khalil, David Baartz, Lars Eriksson, Sally-Anne Mortlock, et al
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 15 November 2019

Endometriosis affects a large proportion of women during their reproductive years and is associated with pain and infertility, also affecting psychological wellbeing and quality of life. The pathogenesis of the disease remains unclear, although it is believed to be multifactor…

The emerging role of the endocannabinoid system in cardiovascular disease.

Authors: Pál Pacher, Sabine Steffens
Seminars in Immunopathology, June 2009

Endocannabinoids are endogenous bioactive lipid mediators present both in the brain and various peripheral tissues, which exert their biological effects via interaction with specific G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptors, the CB(1) and CB(2). Pathological overactivation of t…