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Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid alleviates collagen‐induced arthritis: Role of PPARγ and CB1 receptors

Author: Belén Palomares Martín Garrido‐Rodriguez Claudia Gonzalo‐Consuegra María Gómez‐Cañas Suwipa Saen‐oon Robert Soliva Juan A. Collado Javier Fernández‐Ruiz Gaetano Morello Marco A. Calzado Giovanni Appendino Eduardo Muñoz Published in British Pharmacological Society  June 2020 Abstract Background and Purpose Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (Δ9‐THCA‐A), the precursor of Δ9‐THC, is a non‐psychotropic phytocannabinoid that shows PPARγ agonist activity. Here, we investigated…

Patterns of medicinal cannabis use, strain analysis, and substitution effect among patients with migraine, headache, arthritis, and chronic pain in a medicinal cannabis cohort

Author: Eric P. Baron, Philippe Lucas, Joshua Eades & Olivia Hogue Published in The Journal of Headache and Pain May 2018 Abstract Background  Medicinal cannabis registries typically report pain as the most common reason for use. It would be clinically useful to identify patterns of cannabis treatment in migraine and headache, as compared to arthritis and…

Medicinal Properties of Cannabinoids, Terpenes, and Flavonoids in Cannabis, and Benefits in Migraine, Headache, and Pain: An Update on Current Evidence and Cannabis Science

Author: Eric P. Baron DO Published in HEADACHE Journal of Headache and face pain August 2018 Abstract Background Comprehensive literature reviews of historical perspectives and evidence supporting cannabis/cannabinoids in the treatment of pain, including migraine and headache, with associated neurobiological mechanisms of pain modulation have been well described. Most of the existing literature reports on the…

Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis Sativa: A Structure-Activity Study

Authors: Giovanni Appendino, Simon Gibbons, Anna Giana, Alberto Pagani, Gianpaolo Grassi, Michael Stavri, Eileen Smith,and M. Mukhlesur Rahman Published in Journal of Natural Products August 2008 Abstract Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) has long been known to contain antibacterial cannabinoids, whose potential to address antibiotic resistance has not yet been investigated. All five major cannabinoids (cannabidiol (1b), cannabichromene…

A Scoping Review of the Use of Cannabis and Its Extracts as Potential Harm Reduction Strategies: Insights from Preclinical and Clinical Research

Authors: James Siklos-Whillans, Alia Bacchus, Laurie A. Manwell Published in International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction March 2020 Abstract Cannabis as a harm reduction strategy (HRS) is supported by evidence demonstrating its efficacy for pain relief and as a substitution for alcohol, illicit drugs, and pharmaceuticals. Animal models show cannabinoids reduce the effects of opiate…

Pharmacokinetics of Sativex® in Dogs: Towards a Potential Cannabinoid-Based Therapy for Canine Disorders

Authors: María Fernández-Trapero, Carmen Pérez-Díaz, Francisco Espejo-Porras, Eva de Lago, Javier Fernández-Ruiz Published in Biomolecules February 2020 Abstract The phytocannabinoid-based medicine Sativex® is currently marketed for the treatment of spasticity and pain in multiple sclerosis patients and is being investigated for other central and peripheral pathological conditions. It may also serve in Veterinary Medicine for the…

Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: A Review of Potential Mechanisms

Authors: Marieka V. DeVuono, Linda A. Parker Published in Mary Ann Liebert, Inc Publishers June 2020 Abstract Introduction Cannabinoids have long been known for their ability to treat nausea and vomiting. Recent reports, however, have highlighted the paradoxical proemetic effects of cannabinoids. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterized by cyclical episodes of nausea and vomiting, accompanied…

Acute and residual mood and cognitive performance of young adults following smoked cannabis

Authors: Justin Matheson, Robert E. Mann, Beth Sproule, Marilyn A. Huestis, Christine M. Wickens, Gina Stoduto, Tony P. George, Jürgen Rehm, Bernard Le Foll, Bruna Brands Published in Science Direct  July 2020 Abstract Objectives To examine acute and residual mood and cognitive performance in young adult regular cannabis users following smoked cannabis. Methods Ninety-one healthy…

Cannabidiol for psychosis: A review of 4 studies

Authors: Sy Atezaz Saeed, MD, MS, and Kathryn E. Clary, BA Published in Current Psychiatry June 2020   Introduction There has been increasing interest in the medicinal use of cannabidiol (CBD) for a wide variety of health conditions. CBD is one of more than 80 chemicals identified in the Cannabis sativa plant, otherwise known as…

Cannabinoids and the expanded endocannabinoid system in neurological disorders.

Authors: Luigia Cristino, Tiziana Bisogno, Vincenzo Di Marzo
Nature Reviews Neurology, January 2020

Anecdotal evidence that cannabis preparations have medical benefits together with the discovery of the psychotropic plant cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) initiated efforts to develop cannabinoid-based therapeutics. These efforts have been marked by disappointment, es…

Oral cannabinoid-rich THC/CBD cannabis extract for secondary prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a study protocol for a pilot and definitive randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial (CannabisCINV).

Authors: Antony J. Mersiades, Annette Tognela, Paul S. Haber, Martin Stockler, Nicholas Lintzeris, et al
BMJ open, 12 September 2018

INTRODUCTION: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) remains an important issue for patients receiving chemotherapy despite guideline-consistent antiemetic therapy. Trials using delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-rich (THC) products demonstrate limited antiemetic effect, si…

Cannabidiol attenuates the appetitive effects of Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in humans smoking their chosen cannabis.

Authors: Celia J.A. Morgan, Tom P. Freeman, Gráinne L. Schafer, H. Valerie Curran
Neuropsychopharmacology, August 2010

Worldwide cannabis dependence is increasing, as is the concentration of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in street cannabis. At the same time, the concentration of the second most abundant cannabinoid in street cannabis, cannabidiol (CBD), is decreasing. These two cannabino…