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Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid alleviates collagen‐induced arthritis: Role of PPARγ and CB1 receptors

Authors: Belén Palomares, Martín Garrido‐Rodriguez, Claudia Gonzalo‐Consuegra, María Gómez‐Cañas, Suwipa Saen‐oon, Robert Soliva, Juan A. Collado, Javier Fernández‐Ruiz, Gaetano Morello, Marco A. Calzado, Giovanni Appendino, Eduardo Muñoz Published in British Journal of Pharmacology  June 2020 Abstract Background and Purpose: Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (Δ9‐THCA‐A), the precursor of Δ9‐THC, is a non‐psychotropic phytocannabinoid that shows PPARγ agonist activity. Here,…

The synthetic cannabinoid WIN55212‐2 decreases the intraocular pressure in human glaucoma resistant to conventional therapies

Author: Anna Porcella Chiara Maxia Gian Luigi Gessa Luca Pani Published in European Journal of Neuroscience March 1980 Abstract The search for new ocular hypotensive agents represents a frontier of current eye research because blindness due to optic neuropathy occurs insidiously in 10% of all patients affected by glaucoma. Cannabinoids have been proposed to lower intraocular…

Topical Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinol and Aqueous Dynamics in Glaucoma

Author: JOHN C. MERRITT M.D. DWIGHT D. PERRY M.D. DAVID N. RUSSELL M.D. BRENDA F. JONES M.D. Published in American College of Clinical Pharmacology  September 1981 Abstract Systemic Δ9‐tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), administered either by smoking marihuana or as synthetic THC in soft gelatin capsules, lowers ocular tension in various glaucomas, but at the expense of significant decreases…

Cannabis and glaucoma: A literature review

Author: Kathleen MacMillan MacMillan, Amanda Keddy, James Furlon Published in Dalhousie Medical Journal  2019 Abstract Introduction: Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is characterized by the loss of retinal ganglion cells secondary to optic neuropathy; increased intraocular pressure (IOP) may or may not be present. Many treatment options focus on decreasing IOP measurements to attempt to prevent progression…

Experiences with Administration of Marihuana to Glaucoma Patients

Author: Robert S. HeplerRobert J. Petrus Published in Springer Link  1976 Abstract In 1971 Hepler and Frank reported reduction in intraocular pressure occurring after healthy young adults smoked marihuana. These initial observations led to additional studies designed to compare the pressure-reducing effects of placebo, smoked marihuana, and injected THC. Consistent, statistically-significant pressure reduction was observed in…

The Endocannabinoid System as a Therapeutic Target in Glaucoma

Author: Elizabeth A. Cairns,1 William H. Baldridge,2,3 and Melanie E. M. Kelly Published in Hindawi January 2016 Abstract Glaucoma is an irreversible blinding eye disease which produces progressive retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is currently the only modifiable risk factor, and lowering IOP results in reduced risk of progression of the disorder. The…

Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid alleviates collagen‐induced arthritis: Role of PPARγ and CB1 receptors

Author: Belén Palomares Martín Garrido‐Rodriguez Claudia Gonzalo‐Consuegra María Gómez‐Cañas Suwipa Saen‐oon Robert Soliva Juan A. Collado Javier Fernández‐Ruiz Gaetano Morello Marco A. Calzado Giovanni Appendino Eduardo Muñoz Published in British Pharmacological Society  June 2020 Abstract Background and Purpose Δ9‐Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (Δ9‐THCA‐A), the precursor of Δ9‐THC, is a non‐psychotropic phytocannabinoid that shows PPARγ agonist activity. Here, we investigated…

Medicinal Properties of Cannabinoids, Terpenes, and Flavonoids in Cannabis, and Benefits in Migraine, Headache, and Pain: An Update on Current Evidence and Cannabis Science

Author: Eric P. Baron DO Published in HEADACHE Journal of Headache and face pain August 2018 Abstract Background Comprehensive literature reviews of historical perspectives and evidence supporting cannabis/cannabinoids in the treatment of pain, including migraine and headache, with associated neurobiological mechanisms of pain modulation have been well described. Most of the existing literature reports on the…

Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis Sativa: A Structure-Activity Study

Authors: Giovanni Appendino, Simon Gibbons, Anna Giana, Alberto Pagani, Gianpaolo Grassi, Michael Stavri, Eileen Smith,and M. Mukhlesur Rahman Published in Journal of Natural Products August 2008 Abstract Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) has long been known to contain antibacterial cannabinoids, whose potential to address antibiotic resistance has not yet been investigated. All five major cannabinoids (cannabidiol (1b), cannabichromene…

A Scoping Review of the Use of Cannabis and Its Extracts as Potential Harm Reduction Strategies: Insights from Preclinical and Clinical Research

Authors: James Siklos-Whillans, Alia Bacchus, Laurie A. Manwell Published in International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction March 2020 Abstract Cannabis as a harm reduction strategy (HRS) is supported by evidence demonstrating its efficacy for pain relief and as a substitution for alcohol, illicit drugs, and pharmaceuticals. Animal models show cannabinoids reduce the effects of opiate…

Pharmacokinetics of Sativex® in Dogs: Towards a Potential Cannabinoid-Based Therapy for Canine Disorders

Authors: María Fernández-Trapero, Carmen Pérez-Díaz, Francisco Espejo-Porras, Eva de Lago, Javier Fernández-Ruiz Published in Biomolecules February 2020 Abstract The phytocannabinoid-based medicine Sativex® is currently marketed for the treatment of spasticity and pain in multiple sclerosis patients and is being investigated for other central and peripheral pathological conditions. It may also serve in Veterinary Medicine for the…

Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: A Review of Potential Mechanisms

Authors: Marieka V. DeVuono, Linda A. Parker Published in Mary Ann Liebert, Inc Publishers June 2020 Abstract Introduction Cannabinoids have long been known for their ability to treat nausea and vomiting. Recent reports, however, have highlighted the paradoxical proemetic effects of cannabinoids. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterized by cyclical episodes of nausea and vomiting, accompanied…