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Pediatrics

Marijuana use during and after pregnancy and association of prenatal use on birth outcomes: A population-based study.

By | Behavioral Health, Mood Disorders, Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Jean Y. Ko, Van T. Tong, Jennifer M. Bombard, Donald K. Hayes, John Davy, et al
Drug and Alcohol Dependence, June 2018

BACKGROUND: We sought to describe the correlates of marijuana use during and after pregnancy, and to examine the independent relationship between prenatal marijuana use and infant outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We used state-specific data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring…

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Prenatal exposure to cannabis and maternal and child health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

By | Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: J K L Gunn, C B Rosales, K E Center, A Nuñez, S J Gibson, C Christ, J E Ehiri
BMJ Open, 5 April 2016

Objective: To assess the effects of use of cannabis during pregnancy on maternal and fetal outcomes. Data sources: 7 electronic databases were searched from inception to 1 April 2014. Studies that investigated the effects of use of cannabis during pregnancy on maternal and fet…

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The impact of marijuana policies on youth: clinical, research, and legal update.

By | Legalization, Medical Cannabis, Pediatrics

Authors: COMMITTEE ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE, COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE
Pediatrics, March 2015

This policy statement is an update of the American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement “Legalization of Marijuana: Potential Impact on Youth,” published in 2004. Pediatricians have special expertise in the care of children and adolescents and may be called on to advise legi…

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Prenatal cannabis exposure and infant outcomes: overview of studies.

By | Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: A.C. Huizink
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 3 July 2014

Accumulating evidence from both human and preclinical studies indicates maternal substance use during pregnancy can affect fetal development, birth weight and infant outcomes. Thus, the prenatal period can be regarded as an important and potentially sensitive period of develop…

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School achievement in 14-year-old youths prenatally exposed to marijuana.

By | Pediatrics, Pregnancy

Authors: Lidush Goldschmidt, Gale A. Richardson, Jennifer A. Willford, Stevan G. Severtson, Nancy L. Day
Neurotoxicology and Teratology, January-February 2012

The relation between prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) and school achievement was evaluated in a sample of 524 14-year-olds. Women were recruited during pregnancy and assessed, along with their offspring, at multiple phases from infancy to early adulthood. The sample represent…

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The endocannabinoid-CB(1) receptor system in pre- and postnatal life.

By | Nervous System Diseases, Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Ester Fride
European Journal of Pharmacology, October 2004

Recent research suggests that the endogenous cannabinoids (“endocannabinoids”) and their cannabinoid receptors have a major influence during pre- and postnatal development. First, high levels of the endocannaboid anandamide and cannabinoid receptors are present in the preimpla…

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Prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure and academic achievement at age 10.

By | Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Lidush Goldschmidt, Gale A Richardson, Marie D Cornelius, Nancy L Day
Neurotoxicology and Teratology, July-August 2004

The effects of prenatal marijuana and alcohol exposure on school achievement at 10 years of age were examined. Women were interviewed about their substance use at the end of each trimester of pregnancy, at 8 and 18 months, and at 3, 6, 10, 14, and 16 years. The women were of l…

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Prenatal marijuana exposure and neonatal outcomes in Jamaica: an ethnographic study.

By | Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Melanie C. Dreher, Kevin Nugent, Rebekah Hudgins
Pediatrics, February 1994

OBJECTIVE: To identify neurobehavioral effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neonates in rural Jamaica. DESIGN: Ethnographic field studies and standardized neuro-behavior assessments during the neonatal period. SETTING: Rural Jamaica in heavy-marijuana-using population. PA…

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Five-year follow-up of rural Jamaican children whose mothers used marijuana during pregnancy.

By | Pediatrics, Pregnancy, Reproduction

Authors: Jill S. Hayes, R Lampart, Melanie C Dreher, Lisa Morgan
The West Indian medical journal, September 1991

This research provides data on the development of 59 Jamaican children, from birth to age 5 years, whose mothers used marijuana during pregnancy. Approximately one-half of the sample used marijuana during pregnancy and were matched with non-users according to age, parity, and…

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