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Cannabis and Psychosis: a Critical Overview of the Relationship

Authors: Charles Ksir, Carl L Hart Published in Current Psychiatry Reports February 2016 Abstract Interest in the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis has increased dramatically in recent years, in part because of concerns related to the growing availability of cannabis and potential risks to health and human functioning. There now exists a plethora of scientific…

Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: A Review of Potential Mechanisms

Authors: Marieka V. DeVuono, Linda A. Parker Published in Mary Ann Liebert, Inc Publishers June 2020 Abstract Introduction Cannabinoids have long been known for their ability to treat nausea and vomiting. Recent reports, however, have highlighted the paradoxical proemetic effects of cannabinoids. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterized by cyclical episodes of nausea and vomiting, accompanied…

Acute and residual mood and cognitive performance of young adults following smoked cannabis

Authors: Justin Matheson, Robert E. Mann, Beth Sproule, Marilyn A. Huestis, Christine M. Wickens, Gina Stoduto, Tony P. George, Jürgen Rehm, Bernard Le Foll, Bruna Brands Published in Science Direct  July 2020 Abstract Objectives To examine acute and residual mood and cognitive performance in young adult regular cannabis users following smoked cannabis. Methods Ninety-one healthy…

Women’s perspectives about cannabis use during pregnancy and the postpartum period: An integrative review.

Authors: Hamideh Bayrampour, Mike Zahradnik, Sarka Lisonkova, Patti Janssen
Preventive Medicine, February 2019

Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among general and pregnant populations. Despite recommendations to abstain from cannabis use, its use is increasing during the perinatal period. In this integrative review, we aim to understand women’s perspectives about the heal…

Cannabis use predicts risks of heart failure and cerebrovascular accidents: results from the National Inpatient Sample.

Authors: Aditi Kalla, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Akshaya Gopalakrishnan, Vincent Figueredo
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, September 2018

BACKGROUND: Cannabis for medicinal and/or recreational purposes has been decriminalized in 28 states as of the 2016 election. In the remaining states, cannabis remains the most commonly used illicit drug. Cardiovascular effects of cannabis use are not well established due to a…

Transfer of Inhaled Cannabis Into Human Breast Milk.

Authors: Teresa Baker, Palika Datta, Kathleen Rewers-Felkins, Heather Thompson, Raja Kallem, Thomas Hale
Obstetrics & Gynecology, May 2018

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the transfer of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and its metabolites into human breast milk after maternal inhalation of 0.1 g cannabis containing 23.18% delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. METHODS:
In this pilot pharmacokinetic study, breast milk samples were col…

Marijuana Use Associations with Pulmonary Symptoms and Function in Tobacco Smokers Enrolled in the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS).

Authors: Madeline A. Morris, Sean R. Jacobson, Gregory L. Kinney, Donald P. Tashkin, et al
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation, 24 January 2018

Background: Marijuana is often smoked via a filterless cigarette and contains similar chemical makeup as smoked tobacco. There are few publications describing usage patterns and respiratory risks in older adults or in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Me…

Marijuana and pregnancy: objective education is good, but biased education is not.

Authors: Ciara A. Torres, Carl L. Hart
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, August 2017

To the Editors: We read with interest the article by Chasnoff, 1 which concluded that physicians should be educated about the negative effects of marijuana use during pregnancy and should discourage its use by pregnant women and women considering becoming pregnant. In our view…

Marijuana use and its effects in pregnancy.

Authors: Kristin C. Chabarria, Diana A. Racusin, Kathleen M. Antony, Maike Kahr, et al
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, October 2016

BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that marijuana is one of the more widely used controlled substances during pregnancy. However, there remains a general paucity of population-based data regarding its use and subsequent perinatal morbidity. We hypothesized that direct patient…

Using Medical Cannabis in an Oncology Practice.

Authors: Donald I. Abrams
Oncology, May 2016

As oncologists, we treat patients who have devastating diagnoses with potent therapies. Hence, we demand solid evidence before recommending any intervention. Unfortunately, when it comes to supporting the use of cannabis in clinical situations, we are frustrated by a dearth of…

Does Cannabis Cause, Exacerbate or Ameliorate Psychiatric Disorders? An Oversimplified Debate Discussed.

Authors: Margaret Haney, A. Eden Evins
Neuropsychopharmacology, January 2016

There have been extensive policy shifts in the legality of recreational and therapeutic use of cannabis in the United States, as well as a steady increase in the number of people using the drug on a regular basis. Given these rapid societal changes, defining what is known scie…

Medical marijuana laws and adolescent marijuana use in the USA from 1991 to 2014: results from annual, repeated cross-sectional surveys.

Authors: Deborah S. Hasin, Melanie Wall, Katherine M. Keyes, Magdalena Cerdá, John Schulenberg, et al
The Lancet Psychiatry, July 2015

BACKGROUND: Adolescent use of marijuana is associated with adverse later effects, so the identification of factors underlying adolescent use is of substantial public health importance. The relationship between US state laws that permit marijuana for medical purposes and adoles…