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Cannabinoid exposure in adolescent female rats induces transgenerational effects on morphine conditioned place preference in male offspring.

Authors: John J Byrnes, Nicole L Johnson, Marian E Schenk, Elizabeth M Byrnes
Journal of Psychopharmacology, October 2012

In the United States, marijuana is one of the drugs most abused by adolescents, with females representing a growing number of users. In previous studies, treatment of adolescent female rats with morphine significantly altered brain reward systems in future offspring. As both c…

Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an anxiolytic drug.

Authors: Alexandre Rafael de Mello Schier, Natalia Pinho de Oliveira Ribeiro, et al
Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, June 2012

OBJECTIVES: To review and describe studies of the non-psychotomimetic constituent of Cannabis sativa, cannabidiol (CBD), as an anxiolytic drug and discuss its possible mechanisms of action. METHOD:
The articles selected for the review were identified through searches in Englis…

Cannabidiol inhibits lung cancer cell invasion and metastasis via intercellular adhesion molecule-1.

Authors: Robert Ramer, Katharina Bublitz, Nadine Freimuth, Jutta Merkord, Helga Rohde, et al
The FASEB Journal, April 2012

Cannabinoids inhibit cancer cell invasion via increasing tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1). This study investigates the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) within this action. In the lung cancer cell lines A549, H358, and H460, cannabidiol…

Cannabidiol prevents the development of cold and mechanical allodynia in paclitaxel-treated female C57Bl6 mice.

Authors: Sara Ward, Michael Ramirez, Harshini Neelakantan, Ellen Walker
Anesthesia and Analgesia, October 2011

The taxane chemotherapeutic paclitaxel frequently produces peripheral neuropathy in humans. Rodent models to investigate mechanisms and treatments are largely restricted to male rats, whereas female mouse studies are lacking. We characterized a range of paclitaxel doses on col…

Effects of intracisternal administration of cannabidiol on the cardiovascular and behavioral responses to acute restraint stress.

Authors: Érica M.Granjeiro, Felipe V.Gomes, Francisco S.Guimarães, Fernando M.A.Corrêa, Leonardo B.M. Resstel
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, October 2011

Systemic administration of cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa, attenuates the cardiovascular and behavioral responses to restraint stress. Although the brain structures related to CBD effects are not entirely known, they could involve brains…

Targeting cannabinoid receptors as a novel approach in the treatment of graft-versus-host disease: evidence from an experimental murine model.

Authors: Rupal Pandey, Venkatesh L. Hegde, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash S. Nagarkatti
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, September 2011

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is widely used to treat patients with life-threatening malignant and nonmalignant hematological diseases. However, allogeneic HCT often is accompanied by severe and lethal complications from graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)…

The dual neuroprotective-neurotoxic profile of cannabinoid drugs.

Authors: Yosef Sarne, Fadi Asaf, Miriam Fishbein, Mikhal Gafni, Ora Keren
British Journal of Pharmacology, August 2011

Extensive in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that cannabinoid drugs have neuroprotective properties and suggested that the endocannabinoid system may be involved in endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms. On the other hand, neurotoxic effects of cannabinoids in vitro and i…

Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects.

Authors: Ethan B. Russo
British Journal of Pharmacology, August 2011

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has been the primary focus of cannabis research since 1964, when Raphael Mechoulam isolated and synthesized it. More recently, the synergistic contributions of cannabidiol to cannabis pharmacology and analgesia have been scientifically demonstrated…

Pathways mediating the effects of cannabidiol on the reduction of breast cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis.

Authors: Sean D. McAllister, Ryuichi Murase, Rigel T. Christian, Darryl Lau, Anne J. Zielinski, et al
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, August 2011

Invasion and metastasis of aggressive breast cancer cells are the final and fatal steps during cancer progression. Clinically, there are still limited therapeutic interventions for aggressive and metastatic breast cancers available. Therefore, effective, targeted, and non-toxi…

Anti-tumoral action of cannabinoids on hepatocellular carcinoma: role of AMPK-dependent activation of autophagy.

Authors: D. Vara, M. Salazar, N. Olea-Herrero, M. Guzmán, G. Velasco, I. Díaz-Laviada
Cell Death and Differentiation, July 2011

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third cause of cancer-related death worldwide. When these tumors are in advanced stages, few therapeutic options are available. Therefore, it is essential to search for new treatments to fight this disease. In this study, we investigated t…

Role of cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis.

Authors: John P. Zajicek, Vicentiu I. Apostu
CNS Drugs, March 2011

Although extracts from the cannabis plant have been used medicinally for thousands of years, it is only within the last 2 decades that our understanding of cannabinoid physiology and the provision of evidence for therapeutic benefit of cannabinoids has begun to accumulate. Thi…

A combined preclinical therapy of cannabinoids and temozolomide against glioma.

Authors: Sofía Torres, Mar Lorente, Fátima Rodríguez-Fornés, Sonia Hernández-Tiedra, et al
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, January 2011

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is highly resistant to current anticancer treatments, which makes it crucial to find new therapeutic strategies aimed at improving the poor prognosis of patients suffering from this disease. Δ(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major active ingred…